Genesis 1:20-31

  • God creates animals and man.
  • God first created the things animals and man need to survive before they came into the picture.
  • Verse 26 – an indication of the Trinity
  • The name of God, “Elohim”, in Genesis 1:1 is plural in from.
  • Implication of the phrase: “Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness”
    • It doesn’t mean there is more than one God.
    • It is like having a discussion in a meeting at the King’s court. This concept will be will be shown again in Genesis 11:7 and also in Ephesians 1:11.
    • It may suggest a greater complexity to the nature of God.
    • Some suggest this is a form of majestic plural or the royal “we”
  • Our image means:
    • Man has the ability to show God’s communicable attributes
    • Man has intellect
    • Man could reason
    • Man has emotion
    • Adam and Eve were like God at first because they were good and sinless.
  • Man was made to rule over the other creatures.
    • He is separated from the other creatures.
    • Man must provide productive ordering of the earth and not to misuse it.
    • Man must be able to cultivate the riches of the earth.
    • Man must accomplish God’s purpose for the earth.
  • Man and and all animals were at first vegetarian.
  • God proclaimed His whole creation as very good. All is now in perfect harmony with God’s will.
  • The belief of the Ancient Near East and what God is telling them.
    • Kings were thought to be the reflection of God on the earth but in Genesis every human is made in His image.
    • The ancients explained creation as either a cohabitation among male and female gods or by battling chaos deities.
    • The Babylonian Epic has some similarities with Genesis but the main difference is that in the Babylonian Epic, humans were treated as slaves so that the gods will not have to work anymore.
    • The ancients also believed that the sea has monsters that must be overcome and defeated. Genesis shows no battle and that these sea creatures were just created and given a role in this world.

 

Sources:

MacArthur, John F.. The MacArthur Study Bible, NASB (Kindle Location 6115). Thomas Nelson. Kindle Edition.

Zondervan. The NIV Zondervan Study Bible, eBook: Built on the Truth of Scripture and Centered on the Gospel Message (Kindle Location 7061). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

NIV First-Century Study Bible: Explore Scripture in Its Jewish and Early Christian Context (Kindle Location 5220). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

Nelson, Thomas. NKJV, The Chronological Study Bible, eBook (Kindle Location 853). Thomas Nelson. Kindle Edition.

HarperCollins Christian Publishing. NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, eBook: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture (Kindle Location 7285). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

The Apologetics Study Bible (Apologetics Bible) (Kindle Location 70070). B&H Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

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