Genesis 2

  • Genesis 2 – Fills in the data for Day 6 of Creation.
  • Genesis 2:2 – The basis of the Sabbath day in the Mosaic Law which was established in Exodus 20:8-11:
  • In the Ancient Near East there are reasons for a deity’s rest:
    • Rest is done after bringing order by means of creation. This is the only concept that applies to Genesis.
    • Rest by the deity is achieved by victory over a conflict.
    • Divine rest is acquired in the temple.
    • Rest is done after the creation of people who will do the rest of the work. Caring for the needs of the gods was a priestly function.
    • Rest is garnered after taking control and gaining stability
    • The rest can be disturbed by rebellion.
  • God’s name as Creator is shown as Yahweh. This is the same as Exodus 3:15.
  • Before the flood, God’s primary method of watering the earth was through springs of water beneath the ground. After the flood, God began to use rain.
  • When God created man, God was depicted as a master craftsman.
    • “I praise You because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Your works are wonderful, I know that full well.” – Psalm 139:14
  • Man being created from dust is also seen in other Ancient Near East documents.
  • Two Trees
    • Tree of Life – for eternal life – Revelation 22:2
    • Tree of Knowledge – for testing
    • In Egypt the god Amon-Re created the tree of knowledge
    • Gilgamesh Epic
      • There is a rejuvenating plant which the god Anu eats.
      • Enkidu becomes wise not by eating a fruit but through sexual intercourse.
    • Cush might be the land of Ethiopia today.
    • The Act of Naming
      • Adam names the animals. This is an act of authority over them.
      • In Ancient Mesopotamia naming also determines the destiny. When a king conquers a territory, the king assigned there is given a new name.
      • Ancients also based names on a person’s circumstances.
    • The creation of Eve.
      • There is no other ancient source which depicts the creation of women. Only the Bible.
      • The term “helper” does not mean woman is inferior to man. It is the same word used to describe the relationship of God to man.
    • History of Marriage – Genesis 2:24 institutionalized marriage.
    • Nakedness
      • In Genesis 2 the word “naked”does not have a negative connotation.
      • The Ancient Near East associate nakedness as being primitive.
    • Gardens
      • Gardens are very important to the world of the Ancient Near East. Babylonians and Egyptians have been known to cultivate nice gardens.
      • Babylonians named the lush green land from water flows as Edenu.
      • Gardens are not to be mistaken as place for just fruits and vegetables. The description should be more of a sophisticated park.

 

Sources:

MacArthur, John F.. The MacArthur Study Bible, NASB (Kindle Locations 6207-6208). Thomas Nelson. Kindle Edition.

Zondervan. The NIV Zondervan Study Bible, eBook: Built on the Truth of Scripture and Centered on the Gospel Message (Kindle Location 20109). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

NIV First-Century Study Bible: Explore Scripture in Its Jewish and Early Christian Context (Kindle Location 5250). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

HarperCollins Christian Publishing. NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, eBook: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture (Kindle Location 7376). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

 

HarperCollins Christian Publishing. NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, eBook: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture (Kindle Location 7443). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

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